PERENNIAL TRENDS and TRENDY PERENNIALS
By John Friel
It feels like just a few months since Greenhouse Canada last asked for a trends article, but it was actually two years. Time really doesn’t care whether you’re having fun.
Naturally, some things have changed; some, not – like our New! fixation. As Dr. Allan Armitage says, “New plants are the horse under our saddle. When it stops running, so do we.” Amen. Onward.
This category keeps getting juicier. Low-maintenance = high demand. Category leader Little Prince of Oregon devotes whole greenhouses to Sempervivum, Sedum and Delosperma, and tender succulents like Echeveria. They’re big on small pots, and offer solid trays of mixed Sedum for landscape use.
Chris Hansen, who introduced Sunsparkler® Sedum, is teasing the trade with Semperv¬ivum ‘Gold Nugget’, a hitherto-unseen color. If the pictures are accurate, it’s solid gold for 2017.
‘Gold Nugget’ joins Chick Charms® , a collection-within-a-collection: 12 selections, sold as two groups of six varieties each, no individual orders.
Which brings us to another still-growing theme:
It Comes as a Set
Series and collections are In. Terra Nova Nurseries offers six series of Heuchera, nine of Echinacea, three of Kniphofia, two of Heucherella, four of Sedum, and more. Darrel Probst adds ‘Star Bright’ and ‘Starstruck’ to his excellent Li’l Bang Coreopsis; Darwin welcomes ‘Sky Blue’ and a white to their Moody Blues Veronica line. ‘Peacock’ and ‘Postman’ flutter into the Butterfly™ series of Echinacea from AB Cultivars, who enhance their Mariachi™ Helenium series and debut 7 Meadow Mama Echinacea. Bee-You™ is their line of compact, mildew-resistant Monarda with catchy names: ‘Bee-Free’, ‘Bee-Lieve’ and ‘Bee-Merry’. Don’t worry, ‘Bee-Happy’ is included.
Monarda ushers in a theme not covered last time:
We’re all newly aware of our pollinators’ plight. Gardeners want plants that attract them, and not just pretty ones like Monarchs. This represents a sea change in attitudes. I’ve photographed flowers for decades, shooing away everything but butterflies. Now? I stalk bees, bloom to bloom, camera poised.
One Monarch must-have: Asclepias tuberosa, a native whose popularity will only increase as gardeners learn it’s 2017’s Perennial Plant of the Year. Other pollinator-favored genera: Agastache, Baptisia, Buddleia, Coreopsis, Echinacea (single-flowered types with prominent cones), Monarda and Salvia.
Natives & Nativars
Indigenous plants are often invoked along with pollinators. That’s understandable, but slightly inaccurate. The most visible victims in America’s current pet hand-wringing cause are honeybees -- European imports, unconcerned about their nectar’s nativity. Example: Bees find Sedum irresistible. Given the genus’ popularity, I’ll bet I’ve tasted “wildflower” Sedum honey.
Some genera are so familiar, many don’t think of them as natives. Take Phlox, especially P. paniculata. Despite Eurocentric monikers like ‘Franz Schubert’, named in England for a German, every Phlox worldwide has American roots.
A cool recent introduction: ‘Violet Pinwheels’, hybridized from two obscure species by Dr. Jim Ault. Individually, P. bifida and P. kelseyi are nondescript. Together, they’re like Pittsburgh, where the ho-hum Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers form the mighty Ohio. It’s longer-flowering than either parent, shorter-growing than P. subulata.
Increasingly, grasses are expected garden elements – and not just in sun. Hakonechloa, Japanese forest grass, needs shade in much of America. SunFlare™, a cute new sport of ‘All Gold’, sports burgundy-tipped blades.
Andropogon, big bluestem, is a drought-resistant native workhorse for damaged soils. Pretty varieties like ‘Blackhawks’ and ‘Rain Dance’ present new opportunities. Two new Muhlenbergia intros, ‘Fast Forward’ and Undaunted™, expand the range where this native can be enjoyed.
Reacting to invasiveness concerns, breeders are developing alternative infertile Miscanthus varieties. Three are already available: ‘Scout’, Bandwidth™, and My Fair Maiden™.
Festuca: This long-settled genus has grown. To ‘Elijah Blue’ and ‘Boulder Blue’, add Beyond Blue from Holland and ‘Cool as Ice’ (tops in PA trials) from Intrinsic Perennial Gardens.
Carex looks, grows and sells like a grass, but it’s a sedge. By any name, it’s perfect for small-to-medium finished pots. Which brings us to...
Perennial lovers mourn that many hardy plants’ roots never taste real soil. They live and die in solitary, or combo, confinement in flowerpots. Hardiness isn’t important to some designers seeking a certain look. Whether it comes from annuals, perennials or tropicals is irrelevant. When it stops working, it’s trashed and replaced.
Lloyd Traven, Peace Tree Farm tells of a young employee who scoffed at a plant Lloyd considered beautiful. “What else does it do?” the kid demanded. “Can I eat it, or smoke it? Does it help the environment?”
Millennials, whose attention, money and talents we all crave, think pretty much everything should multitask. Obvious example: the smartphone, a.k.a. internet portal, gaming device, GPS, audio, video, and oh, yeah... telephone.
Point is, pretty isn’t enough. Let’s tell the rest of our products’ story: Plants clean our air, cool our cities, save our rivers and forge vital links in our food chain. THAT’S what else it does.
John Friel is marketing manager for Emerald Coast Growers, one of North America’s largest liner producers. For more information on perennials, specialty plants or ornamental grasses, call 1-877-804-7277, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.ecgrowers.com.